RoHS is the European Directive 2011/65/EU on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment. The substances regulated under the RoHS include:
- Chrome (VI)
- Brominated flame retardants (PBB and PBDE)
Apart from the substance bans the Directive also includes two exemption lists (Annex III and IV), which allow continued use of the regulated substances under special conditions. These exemptions apply for a period defined in Article 5.
The RoHS is implemented in Germany as the "Regulations on restriction of the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment" (ElektroStoffVerordnung). In addition, other international "RoHS" legislation applies in China, California, Korea, India and Turkey.
Manufacturers of electrical and electronic components and equipment are therefore increasingly faced with different, dynamic requirements concerning banned substances.
To demonstrate RoHS conformity, product manufacturers must implement the following requirements:
- Compliance with the specified substance bans
- Preparation of technical documentation
- Issue of an EU Declaration of Conformity
Each manufacturer must therefore know precisely which materials are used in their products.